Full transcript of the lesson:

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In this lesson, we'll learn how to be civilised in German, and say hello and goodbye to people.
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The most usual way to say hello is
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Guten Tag.
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This is litterally "good day".
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Listen to it bit by bit. First 'good'.
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Guten
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Just notice that this is not the basic case of "good". But don't worry, we'll come to that in due time.
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and then 'day'.
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Tag
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Guten Tag
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In the evening, you will often hear an equivalent to "good evening".
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Guten Abend.
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Abend
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Abend
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Repeat the word for hello during the day.
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Guten Tag.
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Say "good evening" again.
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Guten Abend.
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It's not perfectly clear at what point you switch to it. When you think it's the evening, you can use it.
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Also, German does have an equivalent to "good morning":
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Guten Morgen!
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You will come across this word often. It also has the meaning: "tomorrow".
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Morgen.
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To say goodbye, you'll want to say:
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Auf Wiedersehen.
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It literally means: See you again. Can you guess which part of it means "to see"?
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Richtig! "sehen"
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Now some more unformal options. You can use these when meeting friends, or people who use it with you, then you're safe!
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Do not use them when walking into a shop, that will sound rude.
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Both hello and goodbye are the same word, which makes it easy.
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Servus.
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Often you will also hear
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Wie geht es Dir?
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This normally means "how are you?" but is often used to say hi, mostly by younger people.
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Do you remember how to say hello?
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Guten Tag.
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What would you rather say in the evening?
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Guten Abend.
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It is usual to ask people how they are doing in most circumstances.
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This is not normally used in shops, where people would feel you are interfering with their private life.
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Here is how to ask formally "how are you?"
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Wie geht es Ihnen?
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Wie
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geht es
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Ihnen
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Wie geht es Ihnen?
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Notice how easy it is to switch from personal to formal adress?
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Wie geht es Dir? Wie geht es Ihnen?
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Ask again "how are you?"
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Wie geht es Ihnen?
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Now the informal equivalent:
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Wie geht es Dir?
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Dir
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Wie geht es Dir?
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Tags:
  • wikibabel
  • EDL2012
  • source-language:en
  • target-language:de
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